What is IVF Treatment?
IVF, or in vitro fertilization, is one of several assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) that help patients who are struggling with infertility. Approximately 99% of all ART procedures performed every year entail in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). As a global IVF agency, ELITE IVF works with fertility professionals in the US and abroad to bring patients state-of-the-art IVF solutions.
Many patients want to know what they can expect from an IVF treatment. At ELITE IVF, we want our patients to be confident about the choices they make. By working together and openly discussing treatment options, we produce the probability for finding real infertility solutions.
IVF is a safe and reliable procedure used by fertility professionals around the world to help those struggling to have a baby. Every year, tens of thousands get pregnant and have a healthy baby after undergoing IVF.
The process for IVF treatment begins with collecting oocytes, commonly referred to as “eggs”, from the patient or egg donor. The eggs are then combined with semen in a culture dish, where they are fertilized and grow into embryos. After several days, the embryos are transferred to the patient’s uterus (IVF-ET). IVF treatment is a practical solution for those who have been unsuccessful with other infertility treatments. ELITE IVF offers Infertility solutions that have a demonstrated an average 70% success rate.
Preparing for IVF Treatment
Testing is a necessary part of preparing for IVF because it provides fertility professionals with important information that helps identify potential problems that can interfere with a successful embryo transfer and the achievement of pregnancy. As part of this process, a mock transfer may be performed at the physician’s discretion. The following are other tests IVF patients usually undergo.
Routine Tests Prior to IVF
- Hepatitis B antigen
- Hepatitis C antibody
- RPR rapid plasma reagin
- Pap smear
- Blood group, Rh factor, and antibody screen
- Semen analysis, antisperm antibodies, and strict morphology
The IVF Process
Step 1: Increasing the Egg Supply
During this phase of IVF, also known as ovarian hyperstimulation, three types of medications are generally administered to the patient. Prior to beginning the regimen, women may also be prescribed birth control pills to regulate their menstrual cycle. This phase lasts about 12 days, and its purpose is to:
- Facilitate the growth of multiple eggs at once. This is accomplished with injections of the natural hormones FSH and/or LH (gonadotropins).
- Prevent premature ovulation.
- Control an overly vigorous ovarian response, or conversely, an inadequate response.
Step 2: Monitoring Eggs/ Administering hCG
At this point, the patient receives ultrasound imaging and hormone assessments to monitor the follicular development and maturation of eggs. During this phase of treatment, a fertility professional also administers the hormonal drug human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The purpose of hCG is to stimulate the final maturation of the oocytes. The timing for administering hCG is critical to the success of the IVF process.
Step 3: Egg Retrieval
Thirty-four to 36 hours after the hCG is administered, the eggs are removed with a needle under ultrasound guidance. During the procedure, which lasts not more than 30 minutes, anesthesia is used for the patient’s comfort and to prevent sudden bodily movement. Recovery after the procedure requires a 30-60 minute rest at the clinic. The number of eggs retrieved will depend on several factors, but on average, it is between 8-15 mature eggs per patient.
Step 4: Fertilization
After retrieval, the eggs are mixed with the semen and cultured for 16-20 hours. After embryo growth is underway, fertility experts choose the best embryos for transfer to the patient’s uterus. Right before this happens, the patient is administered medication to ensure that her uterus is ready for the embryo transfer.
Step 5: Embryo Transfer
The embryo transfer procedure is a relatively simple one and does not require anesthesia; it lasts about 15 minutes in most cases. The number of embryos that can be transferred to the patient’s uterus through the cervix is limited because of risks associated with multiple births. If there are any remaining embryos after the transfer, they may be frozen for future IVF treatment.
IVF Solutions: Bringing Hope to Patients Around the World
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports that, every year, over 1% of infants in the US are conceived with the help of assisted reproductive technology. First implemented in Great Britain, in vitro fertilization has been available in the US since 1981. The CDC recently estimated the number of infants born as a result of IVF in one year alone to be 60,190. Today, infertility solutions like IVF continue helping women all over the world overcome the challenges of infertility.
” A quick note of heartfelt thanks to you and your team for everything that you have done for us over the past two years. Words cannot adequately express our gratitude to everyone on this quite challenging, but amazing journey “.
R & L